Horse-Play Can be Therapeutic: Equine Assisted Psychotherapy
Lynn Thomas, LCSW, Co-founder,
Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association,
EAGALA, PO Box 993,
Santaquin, UT 84655
[A Resource Handbook that lists programs offering Equine Assisted
Psychotherapy (EAP) services, including outpatient and residential programs, is available upon request.]
A group of violent 17 year-old boys in a correctional program used to require physical
management by staff on a daily basis. After horses were introduced into their program, the boys learned how to control their violent
outbursts and worked together to solve their problems.
Barbara Lester, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) at a treatment boarding school for adolescents wrote, “Now that I’ve
started to do horse sessions, it’s hard to think of doing talk therapy in an office with adolescents. The real patterns emerge during
a session that includes horses and the adolescent can not cover up or manipulate. I have learned more about a teen in one horse session
than in a month of individual work.”
These results are being obtained through a new technique called Equine Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP), which involves teaching
people to work with horses in a way that serves as a tool for emotional growth and learning. This rapidly growing field is helping adults,
children, and families to improve their emotional, behavioral, and mental lives. The focus of EAP is not about recreation or riding
horses. Rather, it involves setting up problem-solving activities that involve the horses, mostly in activities that take place on the
ground, rather than on horseback. These activities are designed to reveal important insights and require the client or group to apply
certain skills. Non-verbal communication, assertiveness, creative thinking, problem-solving, leadership, work, responsibility, teamwork,
relationships, confidence, and positive attitude are several examples of the tools utilized and developed by EAP. This approach has
been compared to therapeutic ropes courses, but it has the added advantage of utilizing living beings which respond to the participants.
One popular group activity is called Life’s Little Obstacles. This involves asking the participants to get a horse to go over a jump
placed in the arena. The jump can represent any challenge that the group is facing, such as going to school, or getting a child to school.
It doesn’t sound too difficult until the rules of the activity are given: no physically touching the horse, no halters and lead ropes,
no bribing, and no verbally talking to each other. The horse provides a great metaphor to working with kids or adults. Each horse has
his own distinct personality, and doesn’t always want to do what you are asking him to do. The process of trying to accomplish this
goal ends up leading to some pretty intense discussions and insights.
Lynn Thomas, LCSW, co-founder of the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA), states that the success of EAP
comes from the horses. “Horses react to our body language. This gives incredible and immediate feedback to what people are communicating
non-verbally. Participants learn that if they want to change the horse’s behavior, they have to change their own behaviors, thoughts,
and feelings. It is powerful because it is more than just talking, it is doing!”
EAP uses a team that includes a horse professional who works with a mental health professional. Because of this, even mental health
professionals with no horse background can get involved in this work. The reason EAP is gaining popularity in the mental health community
is mainly because its success with clients has been so overwhelming. Doug Mann, M.Ed., LMFT, of Journey Home, Inc., in
Colorado, found that the addition of horses in his treatment sessions improved recidivism rates with male juvenile offenders.
In addition, Linda Myers, MA, CCDCIII-E, NCACI, of Ohio, reports that statistics provided by the Geauga County Juvenile
Court also show improved recidivism rates for juvenile offenders since incorporating equine- assisted therapy. In the Subsidy Grant
programs, in 1998, 67% did not recidivate within 3 months of their termination from the programs, compared with in 2000, 79% did not
recidivate within 3 months of treatment termination. In fact, the Geauga County Juvenile Court has now nicknamed the horse program the
“Last Chance Corral” as they send kids who couldn’t make it in any of the other programs.
In a recent research project, Mann and Williams (2002) found that 82% of the youth in Equine-Assisted Family Therapy
demonstrated clinically significant improvement during treatment that lasted an average of 5 sessions. Each of the clients had previously
failed to make progress during conventional methods of therapy according to their parents. Conduct Disorders demonstrated the most clinically
significant improvement followed by Mood Disorders and Psychotic Disorders. All three diagnostic categories demonstrated above average
improvement compared to other approaches, in a shorter time with a lesser cost.
The Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA) is the leading organization in the new and rapidly growing field of Equine
Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP). Founded as a non-profit, 501(c)3 organization in July 1999, EAGALA has grown far faster than anticipated.
It now has over 2,000 members located in every state within the U.S.A., as well as in Canada, Mexico, England, Scotland, Belgium,
Sweden, Germany, New Zealand, and Australia.
EAGALA offers a certification program during which professionals are trained to conduct EAP sessions. Over 1,000 individuals have completed
the Level I training. EAGALA founders Greg Kersten and Lynn Thomas have been instrumental in helping start and train over
200 Equine Assisted Psychotherapy programs across the U.S. and Canada.